Site Selection Criteria

School Site Selection Criteria

SAFETY (these factors should be considered)
• Adjacent to or near roadways with a high volume of traffic
• Close proximity to railroad tracks
• Close to high-voltage power line, high-pressure lines, for example
natural gas, gasoline sewer or water lines
• Contaminants/toxics in the soil or groundwater, such as from landfills,
dumps, chemical plants, refineries, fuel tanks, nuclear plants, or
agricultural use of pesticides or fertilizer, etc.
• Close to high decibel noise sources
• A 100-year flood plain
• Social hazards in the neighborhood, such as high incidence of crime
and drug or alcohol abuse

• Safe walking areas
• Centrally located to avoid extensive transporting and to minimize
student travel distance
• Compatible with current and probable future zoning regulations
• Close to neighborhoods, libraries, parks, museums, and other
community services
• Favorable orientation to wind and natural light

• Proximity to faults or fault traces
• Stable subsurface and bearing capacity
• Danger of slides or liquefaction
• Percolation for septic system and drainage
• Adequate water table level
• Existing land fill is reasonably well compacted
• Feasibility of mitigating steep grades
• Rock ledges or outcroppings
• Surface and subsurface drainage
• Level area for playfields

• Net acreage consistent with the International Council of Educational
Facility Planners (+13 acres)
• Length-to-width ratio does not exceed 2:1
• Sufficient open play area and open space
• Potential for expansion for future needs
• Area for adequate and separate bus loading and parking

• Obstacles such as crossing on major streets and intersections, narrow
or winding streets, heavy traffic patterns
• Access and dispersal roads
• Natural obstacles such as grades or gullies
• Routing patterns for foot traffic
• Remote areas (with no sidewalks) where students walk to and from
• Easily reachable by emergency response vehicles
• Fire and police protection

• Availability of water, electricity, gas, sewer
• Feasibility of bringing utilities to site at reasonable cost
• Restrictions on right of way

• Reasonable costs for purchase of property, and legal fees
• Reasonable costs for site preparation including, but not limited to,
drainage, parking, driveways, removal of existing building, and grading
• Toxic cleanup beyond, the owner’s obligation
• Environmental mitigation
• Reasonable maintenance costs

• Public acceptance of the proposed site

Site Selection Rubric

View the School Site Selection Rubric by clicking here.
View text-based website